Mar 12, 2020
The manufacturing industry is the main body of the national economy, the main battlefield of scientific and technological innovation, the foundation of the country, the device of the country, and the foundation of the country. The "Made in China 2025" introduced in 2015 continues to attract widespread attention from overseas manufacturing experts and public opinion. Experts believe that "Made in China 2025" points the way and direction for China's manufacturing development and industrial upgrading.
Innovation promotes industrial upgrading
At present, China is in a critical period of economic structural adjustment, transformation and upgrading, and "Made in China 2025" is an important measure to help China's economic transformation and move towards an innovative society. "Made in China 2025" pointed out that structural adjustment should be taken as a key link in building a manufacturing power, vigorously develop advanced manufacturing, and transform and upgrade traditional industries.
"Forbes" magazine website recently said that "Made in China 2025" indicates that China is advancing innovation and accelerating the pace of industrial upgrading. China needs to maintain a competitive advantage in global development through innovation and remain invincible.
Cai Yuan, a researcher at the Roy Institute of International Studies in Australia, said that China's economy is now in a transition stage, the advantages of traditional manufacturing are gradually decreasing, the cost of production materials such as water, electricity and land is rising, and labor costs are also rising, which has prompted China to Industry must be upgraded.
In recent years, the integration and development of China's traditional industry and the Internet has accelerated significantly, prompting the continuous improvement of the level of intelligent manufacturing. New breakthroughs have been made in the development and application of a number of core technical equipment, which has provided a powerful impetus for the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries.
Cai Yuan said that China has a number of industries, including rail transportation equipment, communications, and power equipment, which already have strong international competitiveness. Taking the communications industry as an example, Chinese companies represented by Huawei and ZTE have strong market competitiveness and have entered the markets of developed countries.
Xiong Yu, a tenured professor at the Newcastle School of Business at Northumbria University in the UK, said that China has introduced or borrowed some technologies or innovations from other countries. After being cultivated in the Chinese market, it has also spurred innovation and change, and has formed a worldwide impact.
Targeting emerging industries
In the tide of informatization, industrialization faces many challenges. “Made in China 2025” has focused on achieving the strategic goals of a manufacturing power, and has clarified 9 strategic tasks and priorities. While promoting the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, it aims at a new round of global industrial development, and promotes traditional industries and 3D printing, robotics, and labor Emerging industries such as intelligence are closely integrated.
A Financial Times article said that Chinese companies are beginning to dominate the lithium-ion battery industry, which has been led by Korean and Japanese manufacturers for the past 30 years. With the environmental protection concept deeply rooted and car manufacturers increasing investment in electric vehicles, lithium-ion battery production will be an important technology for at least the next 10 years.
In an interview with Xinhua News Agency, Simon Moores, general manager of the benchmark mining intelligence of the research institution, said that in the global electric vehicle market, from small electric bicycles to large pure electric vehicles, China's lithium-ion battery industry is occupying the world. leading position.
According to benchmark mining intelligence estimates, China's lithium-ion battery production capacity will account for 62% of the world's total in 2020, with the United States and South Korea accounting for 22% and 13%, respectively.
In addition, as one of the key development areas of "Made in China 2025", the robot industry has become one of the new highlights when the old and new kinetic energy are converted. Data from the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology show that in 2016 China's industrial robot output has reached 72,400 units, a year-on-year increase of 34.3%. There are currently more than 40 robot industrial parks completed and under construction, with more than 800 robot companies.
Xiong Yu said that China has huge domestic demand and scientific and technological strength at the same time, and it is the general direction of China's manufacturing industry to promote manufacturing innovation combining artificial intelligence, big data and the Internet.
The state promotes long-term development
"Made in China 2025" is based on the global traditional and emerging industry development trends, combined with the development status of different industries, rationally formulated a plan to gradually improve the manufacturing industry, so that China's position in the global value chain of all industries has been fully improved.
Experts believe that industrial upgrading is a necessary action for China's economic development. To ensure continued competitiveness, it also requires state financial support and continuous scientific and technological research and development. Mustafa Ibrahim, vice chairman of the Egypt-China Business Council, said that industrial upgrading cannot be driven solely by commercial interests, but also requires the state to provide guidance and support from both long-term planning and fiscal aspects.
In order to complete the target task, "Made in China 2025" put forward eight aspects of strategic support and guarantee, including improving financial support policies and increasing fiscal and tax policy support.
The five departments including the People's Bank of China recently announced the "Guiding Opinions on the Construction of a Financially Supporting Manufacturing Power" aimed at strengthening financial support for manufacturing technology innovation, transformation and upgrading around the key areas and key tasks of "Made in China 2025".
Spain's "World News" reported that China hopes to become the most dynamic "high-tech paradise" in knowledge-intensive industries by 2025. Strong capital investment will undoubtedly make many Chinese enterprises dominate the world economic order.
Luo Jiafu, vice chairman of the Executive Committee of the Sino-German "Industry 4.0" Alliance, said that Germany's "Industry 4.0" and "Made in China 2025" are similar, and the government has played a guiding and supporting role in them. As long as Chinese companies have the ability to innovate and high-quality products, they will enhance their position in the global economy.